By Hans C. Boas
Offering a unified answer in the frameworks of development Grammar and body Semantics, Hans Boas develops an account of resultative structures in English by means of grouping them in sessions: conventionalized and non-conventionalized. The usage-based version used the following proposes that every specific feel of a verb constitutes a conventionalized mini-construction, that's the most important details for the licensing of arguments. against this, verbs in non-conventionalized resultative structures can gather a unique which means and thereby a brand new syntactic body. English and German resultatives are in comparison to illustrate the distinctive lexical polysemy networks of English and German verbs.
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Additional resources for A Constructional Approach to Resultatives
14 In order to find such patterns , 1 have turned to a number of electronic corpora , dictionaries , and sources on the Internet. 15 The largest amount of data used in this work stems from the British National Corpus (BNC) , an electronic corpus containing ca. 100 million words of contemporary spoken (1 0%) and written (90%) English. 16 The BNC was chosen because it is currently one of the largest commercially available electronic corpora of English which is both balanced and representative. 17 In order to arrive at a somewhat quantifiable basis for our analysis of resultative constructions in this monograph , the BNC is taken as the basis for determining what types of resultative phrases occur with a given verb and in what quantities certain collocational patterns appear.
11咀s comprehensive term covers one of Chomslcy's earlier versi佣s ， namely ‘ Govemment and Binding τbeory' (GB) (Chornslcy 1981), as well as Chomslcy's most m田 nt version , namely the 'Minirnalist Program' (MP) (Chornslcy 1992 , 1995). 申n咀s is not an entirely new view. g. τbe most recent a∞ounts include Staudinger' 5 (1 997) hybrid I: nalysis of resultatives in Germal1, Bowers' (1 997) Binary Branching Analysis for English resultatives , and Neeleman and van de Ko创t's (2∞ 1) analysis. SYNTACTIC ApPROACHES TO RESULTATIVES 125 between a predicate and its arguments are interpreted at some level , typically Logical Form.
8)). 6) Jim danced Mary tired. 7) a. b. c. d. He washed the soap out of his eyes. He shaved his hair off. They wrung a confession out of him. They ate us out of house and home. 8) a. b. c. They painted the door green. They cooked the chicken dry. They pushed him into the well. 7) occur with verbs ‘ that do not usually take an 0均 ec t' and that they do not exhibit any ‘ sensible semantic relationship' with respect to the matrix verb (1 988: 116). This leads him to conclude that the postverbal NP is not an argument of the verb and that all three types of resultatives should be analyzed along the same lines.