Download A Functional Discourse Grammar for English by Evelien Keizer PDF

By Evelien Keizer

This is often the 1st textbook on practical Discourse Grammar, a lately built concept of language constitution which analyses utterances at 4 autonomous degrees of grammatical illustration: pragmatic, semantic, morphosyntactic and phonological. The ebook bargains a really systematic and hugely available advent to the speculation: following the top-down association of the version, it takes the reader step by step even though many of the degrees of study (from pragmatics all the way down to phonology), whereas even as supplying a close account of the interplay among those assorted degrees. the various workouts, classified based on measure of trouble, make sure that scholars are challenged to take advantage of the idea in an inventive demeanour, and invite them to check and assessment the idea through making use of it to the hot info in a number of linguistic contexts.

Evelien Keizer makes use of examples from quite a few resources to illustrate how the speculation of practical Discourse Grammar can be utilized to examine and clarify an important useful and formal gains of present-day English. The publication additionally comprises examples from a wide selection of different typologically different languages, making it appealing not just to scholars of English linguistics yet to an individual attracted to linguistic thought extra in general.

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Extra info for A Functional Discourse Grammar for English

Sample text

This operation consists of two stages: Morphosyntactic Encoding and Phonological Encoding. We will discuss these two stages together. Each operation of Encoding has, again, three forms of input: • First of all, the output of the operation of Formulation, that is, the pragmatic and semantic representations of a linguistic expression, feeds into the Morphosyntactic Encoder, which subsequently converts these representations into morphosyntactic ones. The output of Morphosyntactic Encoding, in turn, feeds into the Phonological Encoder, except in those cases where an utterance lacks morphosyntactic structure; in that case, the Phonological Encoder takes as its input the output of Formulation.

Yeah, right. ). Consider the examples in (i) and (ii): (i) a. The dog was tired. b. The dog was very tired. c. the tired dog (ii) a. The dog was asleep. b. *The dog was very asleep. c. *the asleep dog a. ). Are both equally good examples of the category they belong to? Why (not)? b. Look up the origin of the word asleep. What form did it have in Old English? Does this help us to explain the syntactic behaviour illustrated in (ii)? Changes in the syntactic category of a word also take place in Present-day English, as illustrated in example (iii): (iii) a.

In what follows we will specify for each of these operations the kind of input it takes and the kind of output it produces. In the top-down approach of FDG, the first operation is that of Formulation. 1): • The first type of input comes from the Conceptual Component: the main task of the operation of Formulation is to translate the conceptual representations from this component into the appropriate language-specific pragmatic and semantic representations (Hengeveld and Mackenzie 2008: 13). 2). g. potential referents and their properties) that may influence the form of the output (Hengeveld and Mackenzie 2008: 14).

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