By Akira Komai
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Extra info for A Grammar of Classical Japanese
S a ng at a k , h e l l ! 1 , kakkaak 1 w o w / g r e a t ! ' (a n d s e e 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 4 . 2 under Answers ) . Some o f t h e s e a r e commonly used wi t h nominals in a p p o s i t i o n , e . g . s a v i g a taamak , my k n i f e i s g o n e ! 1 , o r wi t h s u b o r d i n a t e mood v e r b- fo r ms - t h u s qu j a na q and kakkaak above co ul d be f o l l o w e d by a c a u s a t i v e c l a u s e ( e . g . t i k i k k a v i t , f o r co mi n g1 and akisuummat ,( b e c a u s e ) i t ' s e x p e n s i v e 1 r e s p e c t i v e l y ) .
S im ila rly the constructions in qanu(q)-i1immat tuqua 'a t what time did he d ie ? - p a rt. ,money to su-mut atur-tu-ssia-a-su-t what a l l . - p a rt. m aterial-for be p i. be used for what1 A d is tin ctio n can be made between cases where the q-word is the NP head or in (a d je c tiv a l) apposition to i t : kina arnaq who woman ,who (th at is a) woman' (presupposing that the individual in question is female) arnaq kina woman who 'what woman’ E ith e r possessor or possessum may be Questioned: kia illu a 15 Syntax ,whose house' but illu p sua 'what (p art) of the house'.
E n c l i t i c t u q 'would t h a t ' i s useo wi t h o p t a t i v e i n f l e c t i o n s ( o r on si mp le nomin a l s ) , s t r e n g t h e n i n g t h e , w i s h i n g 1a s p e c t o f t h a t mood. I t may be a t t a c h e d t o q-word qanuq in t h i s c o n s t r u c t i o n : aallar-niar-li=tuq l e av e t r y 3 s - o p t . ' qanur =tuq ajurunnaa-ri-1i how w o u l d - t h a t g e t - b e t t e r f u t u r e 3 s - o p t . '1 wish he would g e t b e t t e r ' Another way o f e x p r e s s i n g wi s he s i s with p a r t i c l e uvvami p l u s p a r t i c i p i a l mood ( a nd s e e 1 .