Download A Great Undertaking: Mechanization and Social Change in a by Jeff Hornibrook PDF

By Jeff Hornibrook

Jeff Hornibrook offers a distinct, microcosmic examine the method of industrialization in a single chinese language group on the flip of the 20th century. Industrialization got here past due to China, yet was once eventually embraced and hastened to help the state's strategic and army pursuits. In Pingxiang County within the highlands of Jiangxi Province, coalmining was once seasonal paintings; peasants rented mines from lineage leaders to paintings after the harvest. those traditions replaced in 1896 whilst the courtroom determined that the county's mines have been crucial for industrialization. international engineers and chinese language officers arrived to set up the recent social and financial order required for mechanized mining, person who might switch issues for individuals from all degrees of society. The outsiders developed a Westernized manufacturing unit city that sat uneasily in the current group. Mistreatment of the neighborhood inhabitants, together with the pressured buy of gentry-held houses and the combination of peasants into factory-style hard work schemes, sparked a chain of rebellions that wounded the empire and tore on the textile of the group. utilizing tales present in memoirs of elite chinese language and overseas engineers, correspondence among gentry and strong officers, travelogues of yankee missionaries and engineers, in addition to different assets, Hornibrook bargains a desirable historical past of the social and political results of industrialization in Pingxiang County.

Show description

Read or Download A Great Undertaking: Mechanization and Social Change in a Late Imperial Chinese Coalmining Community PDF

Similar oil & energy books

Storage and Commodity Markets

Garage and Commodity Markets is basically a piece of monetary conception, focused on how the aptitude to shop a surplus impacts the costs and creation of commodities. Its specialize in the habit, over the years, of combination stockpiles offers insights into such questions as how a lot a rustic should still shop out of its present provide of nutrients contemplating the uncertainty in destiny harvests.

Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Approaches from the Nordic Countries, EU and USA

From fisheries to chronic natural pollution to weather switch itself, no different environmental precept in environmental legislations has produced as a lot controversy because the precautionary precept. not like a preventive process within which motion is taken only if the threats to the surroundings are tangible, with a precautionary procedure, gurus are ready to take on dangers for which there's no definitive evidence that the wear and tear will materialize.

Natural Resource Abundance, Growth, and Diversification in the Middle East and North Africa : The Effects of Natural Resources and the Role of Policies

MENA is among the richest areas on the earth by way of usual assets: it holds greater than 60 percentage of the world’s confirmed oil reserves, generally positioned within the Gulf area, and approximately 1/2 fuel reserves. Oil represents 80-85 percentage of item exports within the quarter, making it hugely counting on fluctuations in overseas costs.

The Political Algebra of Global Value Change: General Models and Implications for the Muslim World

This e-book is meant to supply a brand new method of the examine of worldwide values and worldwide price switch, in keeping with consultant foreign survey information, and especially, the realm Values Survey. This topic is of becoming curiosity not just to the foreign social technological know-how neighborhood, but additionally overseas policymakers and enterprise and monetary executives within the framework of overseas values and company reviews.

Additional info for A Great Undertaking: Mechanization and Social Change in a Late Imperial Chinese Coalmining Community

Example text

55 Coked coal’s burning temperature was lower than the much harder and purer anthracite. However, when it was fired it put out a constant heat with little smoke that allowed for controlled smelting. 56 Moreover, volatility of the coal was greatly reduced and therefore it could be left unburned longer. And, because the coked coal was pure, it could be transported more cheaply than if the coal was sent with shale and other heavy impurities. Peasant men completed these tasks in many parts of the county, searching for the locations close to home that held sufficient sources of mineral that could assure them of success in their efforts.

In locations where only poor timbers were abundant, miners had to replace the structures regularly or gamble with their lives as the wood lost its rigidity. In some mines, workers left strategic areas of the rock in place to prop up the ceiling above. 49 As has been suggested earlier, excavating wells of one hundred feet or more, especially when they are exposed to the seasonal rains, meant that the wells filled up with water and threatened the efficacy of the mines as well as the health of the men who worked in the deep shafts and tunnels.

And, because the coked coal was pure, it could be transported more cheaply than if the coal was sent with shale and other heavy impurities. Peasant men completed these tasks in many parts of the county, searching for the locations close to home that held sufficient sources of mineral that could assure them of success in their efforts. For the most part, the coalmines within the county limits predominated in three locations of the Luoxiao Mountains that formed the Jiangxi-Hunan provincial border.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.74 of 5 – based on 33 votes

About admin