By David Chandler
During this transparent and concise quantity, writer David Chandler presents a well timed evaluation of Cambodia, a small yet more and more obvious Southeast Asian kingdom. Praised through the Journal of Asian reviews as an original contribution, more desirable to the other present work,” this acclaimed textual content has now been thoroughly revised and up to date to incorporate fabric interpreting the early background of Cambodia, whose well-known Angkorean ruins now allure a couple of million travelers every year, the loss of life of Pol Pot, and the revolution and ultimate cave in of the Khmer Rouge. The fourth variation displays fresh learn through significant students in addition to Chandler’s lengthy immersion within the topic and includes a wholly new part at the demanding situations dealing with Cambodia this day, together with an research of the present country of politics and sociology and the expanding pressures of globalization. This complete evaluation of Cambodia will light up, for undergraduate scholars in addition to normal readers, the heritage and modern politics of a rustic lengthy misunderstood.
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Additional info for A History of Cambodia (4th Edition)
The Chinese were not averse to exaggerating the importance of the so-called barbarian states from which they received tribute. 31 In a brief and persuasive essay, however, Claude Jacques has crippled the usefulness of this interpretation: Inscriptions give evidence in the Khmer country of a multitude of little realms and princedoms; those which the Chinese called Funan and Chenla, on grounds unknown so far, were among them and may have been the most important. 32 0813343631-Chandler 1 34 5/25/07 12:26 PM Page 34 A H I S T O RY O F C A M B O D I A It is clear nonetheless that by the seventh and eighth centuries, coastal trading states in Cambodia like Funan (and others like it elsewhere in Southeast Asia) had faded or changed into polities farther inland, known in the Cambodian case by the collective term Chenla.
According to the inscriptions, Cambodian society was divided, informally at least, into those who understood Sanskrit and those who understood only Khmer. For several hundred years, Sanskrit was used in inscriptions that supposedly addressed the gods. Khmer, on the other hand, was the predominant language of Cambodian men and women, those who were protected by the gods and descended, as gods did not, from their ancestors and the highly localized nak ta. Sanskrit inscriptions, in verse, praise the actions of kings and the elite, such as building Hindu temples, sponsoring Buddhist monasteries, winning wars, and offering gifts to monks and brahmans.
Another cave, near the ocean, was inhabited about a thousand years later. Presumably the first Cambodians arrived long before either of these dates; evidence of a more primitive, pebble-working culture has been found in the eastern parts of the country. 1 Whether the early people came originally from what are now China and India and from elsewhere in Southeast Asia is still debated by scholars, as are theories that waves of different peoples moved through the region in prehistoric times. But recent finds suggest that mainland Southeast Asia had a comparatively sophisticated culture in the prehistoric era; some scholars even attribute the first cultivation of rice and the first bronze-casting to the region.