By Yunji Wu
This is often the 1st publication in chinese language linguistics which discusses the grammar of a dialect crew from either synchronic and diachronic views. the writer makes use of new facts and new frameworks to provide an research of the grammar of the Xiang dialect spoken in Hunan, China. The discussions during this ebook additionally bring up new matters on dialect examine that have no longer but been totally stated via chinese language dialectologists. additionally, the booklet indicates that the Xiang dialect team has a big strategic price because it types a transitional quarter among northern and southern chinese language dialects. Key incorporates a huge paintings at the hugely missed Xiang dialects in China the 1st distinctive paintings at the Xiang dialects to seem in English and at the foreign marketplace an enormous reference paintings for typological stories
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Extra info for A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects
1962). Stage three: The 1980s (Cui Zhenhua and Wu Yunji, in Wang Futang et al. 1989). In both the Li Danming and Wang Futang studies, variant pronunciations of a particular form are given. In the following examples, if only one form is listed in a certain period, only one form was reported during that period; if two forms are listed as Χ/Υ, X has been identified by the authors) as the CP and Y as the LP. Li and Wang's studies do not provide any information regarding the difference in usage between recorded LP and CP forms.
In the Mandarin [ i i xiäng 'to wish' + V + O] construction if a verb indicates a common action in everyday life, such as 'to eat', 'to drink', 'to sleep', the order in the Xiang dialects will be [ ί Ι xiäng 'to wish' + Ο + V]. hia24ta21] [to wish - meal - to eat - ASP] in the Xiang dialects. In Chapter 10, the order differences of double objects and de + V] and [V + de] constructions are discussed. The order for double objects is not [V + 10 + DO]25 as in Mandarin, but [V + DO + 10]. The [% de + V] and [V + de\ constructions, which were productive in earlier periods of Chinese but are not so in Mandarin and many other dialects, have undergone a further development in the Xiang dialects.
In Mandarin, there is a distinction between the adverbs me/ and ^ bit. It has been found that in the older layer of the Xiang dialects there was no such distinction. Detailed discussion on negation can be found in Chapter 5. 8. Prepositions (Prep) Prepositions occur in a number of constructions. The prepositions and their constructions show very distinctive features in terms of etymology and usage in the Xiang dialects. Chapter 6 has a discussion of the evolution of the disposal and passive markers, which have different lexical sources and paths of evolution from the functional corresponding forms in Mandarin.