Download Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy PDF

By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy

During this quantity top researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a accomplished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive homes of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and unique integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the ebook with an summary of present examine prior to introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is aimed toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition attracted to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.

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Compare Sproat and Shih’s (1991) notion of “direct” versus “indirect” modification. Adjective ordering 35 (32) Adjquantification > Adjquality > Adjsize > Adjshape > Adjcolor > Adjnationality Scott (2002) expands on this, proposing the fine-grained hierarchy in (33). (33) Ordinal > Cardinal > Subject Comment > Evidential > Size > Length > Height > Speed > Depth > Width > Temperature > Wetness > Age > Shape > Color > Nationality/Origin > Material Laenzlinger (2005) suggests that Scott’s inventory (with minor refinements) can be organized into five subdivisions, as given in (34).

Therefore only predicates of the same semantic type as nP can modify it. I suggest that this is the type of non-gradable predicates, including the origin reading of French, the material reading of wooden, the geometric reading of square, and so on. All of these adjectives can also be gradable, through combination with a Degree head (Abney 1987; Corver 1990; Grimshaw 1991; Kennedy 1999b; Svenonius and Kennedy 2006). g. ). sortP modification occurs in a different way from nP modification: it is crucially subsective, cf.

G. Heine (1982), Dixon (1986). ) alongside the three numeral classifiers and the set of sortal classifiers. All three types are illustrated in (8) (adapted from Zavala 2000: 126–127). 2 (8) a. circle animal cow “three cows’ (lying down) b. circle corn tortilla “three (folded) tortillas” c. ’ox-eb’ xoyan ’ixim paat three-inan round corn tortilla “three tortillas” Noun classifier systems may resemble gender systems, in that a noun may be conventionally associated with a single noun classifier, and may develop into gender systems (Greenberg 1978, Corbett 1991).

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