By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity top researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a accomplished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive homes of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and unique integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the ebook with an summary of present examine prior to introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is aimed toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition attracted to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Additional info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse
Compare Sproat and Shih’s (1991) notion of “direct” versus “indirect” modiﬁcation. Adjective ordering 35 (32) Adjquantiﬁcation > Adjquality > Adjsize > Adjshape > Adjcolor > Adjnationality Scott (2002) expands on this, proposing the ﬁne-grained hierarchy in (33). (33) Ordinal > Cardinal > Subject Comment > Evidential > Size > Length > Height > Speed > Depth > Width > Temperature > Wetness > Age > Shape > Color > Nationality/Origin > Material Laenzlinger (2005) suggests that Scott’s inventory (with minor reﬁnements) can be organized into ﬁve subdivisions, as given in (34).
Therefore only predicates of the same semantic type as nP can modify it. I suggest that this is the type of non-gradable predicates, including the origin reading of French, the material reading of wooden, the geometric reading of square, and so on. All of these adjectives can also be gradable, through combination with a Degree head (Abney 1987; Corver 1990; Grimshaw 1991; Kennedy 1999b; Svenonius and Kennedy 2006). g. ). sortP modiﬁcation occurs in a diﬀerent way from nP modiﬁcation: it is crucially subsective, cf.
G. Heine (1982), Dixon (1986). ) alongside the three numeral classiﬁers and the set of sortal classiﬁers. All three types are illustrated in (8) (adapted from Zavala 2000: 126–127). 2 (8) a. circle animal cow “three cows’ (lying down) b. circle corn tortilla “three (folded) tortillas” c. ’ox-eb’ xoyan ’ixim paat three-inan round corn tortilla “three tortillas” Noun classiﬁer systems may resemble gender systems, in that a noun may be conventionally associated with a single noun classiﬁer, and may develop into gender systems (Greenberg 1978, Corbett 1991).