Download Alternative Energy Sources by Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides (auth.) PDF

By Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides (auth.)

Alternative power resources is designed to offer the reader, a transparent view of the function each one type of replacement power may possibly play in offering the power wishes of the human society within the close to destiny (20-50 years).

The first chapters on "energy call for and provide" and "environmental effects," set the tone as to why substitute power is vital for the longer term. The 3rd bankruptcy supplies the legislation of power conversion strategies, in addition to the constraints of changing one strength shape to a different. The part on exergy supplies a quantitative history at the capability/potential of every power resource to supply energy. The fourth, 5th and 6th chapters are expositions of fission and fusion nuclear strength, the facility crops which can produce strength from those assets and the problems that might body the general public debate on nuclear power. the next 5 chapters comprise descriptions of the commonest renewable strength assets (wind, sunlight, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric) many of the much less universal assets (e.g. tidal and wave energy). The emphasis of those chapters may be at the worldwide strength of every resource, the engineering/technical platforms which are utilized in harnessing the potential for each one resource, the technological advancements that might give a contribution to wider usage of the resources and environmental results linked to their wider use. The final 3 chapters are: "energy storage," on the way to develop into an incredible factor if renewable power resources are used widely.

The fourteen chapters within the publication were selected in order that one may work a semester college direction round this ebook. on the finish of each bankruptcy, there are 10-20 difficulties and 1-3 feedback of semester initiatives which may be assigned to scholars for additional learn.

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Sample text

The price of the resource increases significantly because of profit-taking and because of the realization that the resource may be depleted and may become more valuable in the future. Following the slowing of the rate of growth, the resource becomes a mature resource and its consumption is governed by its price, which is determined by demand and supply. The total production and consumption of the resource starts decreasing during this stage, depending on the price level. Thus, the production of all resources passes through a maximum, which is often called Hubbert peak.

Hubbert MK (1956) Nuclear energy and the fossil fuels. Proceedings of the spring meeting of the Southern District, American Petroleum Institute, San Antonio Texas 2. Hubbert MK (1971) Energy sources of the earth. Sci Am 224:60–70 Chapter 2 Environmental and Ecological Effects of Energy Production and Consumption Abstract The exponential increase of energy consumption, since the beginning of the industrial revolution, has produced significant changes in the global environment, chief among which is the increase of the average concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from 280 ppm in 1750 to more than 390 ppm in 2011.

8 The official inflation rate in a country, which is often given by the respective national Treasury Department, determines the annual rate of inflation of the currency for the corrections to be made. The fluctuations of the liquid hydrocarbon prices from the end of the 2nd World War to 2010 are shown in Fig. 9 Several of the important political events that influenced the price of liquid hydrocarbons are also noted in the figure. The following conclusions may be drawn from Fig. 8: 8 The conversion to Euro in many European nations, which occurred between 1995 and 2005, makes this computation more cumbersome.

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