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By Robert G. Olson

Integral advisor to 1 of the main influential inspiration platforms of our century. Stressing the paintings of Heidegger and Sartre, it bargains a cautious and aim exam of the existentialist place and values — freedom of selection, person dignity, own love, inventive attempt — and solutions to the everlasting questions of the human situation.

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New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), 495; and Kuhn, Kant, 223. 6. I will render Kant’s term “Erkenntnis” as “knowledge” in this essay even though that usage departs in some ways from common interpretations (especially in epistemology) that take knowledge to be belief that is certainly true. ” For Kant, then, empirical “knowledge” aspires to truth but is in principle always subject to refutation or revision. 7. Inaugural Dissertation, in Akademie-Ausgabe, vol. II, 391; hereafter cited as ID followed by the volume and page numbers in Akademie-Ausgabe.

For a more extensive and thorough description of Kant’s biography and intellectual development, see Manfred Kühn, Kant: A Biography (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001). His publications from this period are all published in Gesammelte Schriften, begonnen von der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1900– ) (known as the Akademie-Ausgabe), vols I and II; hereafter cited as AA followed by the volume and page numbers. 16 Volume 1 immanuel kant’s turn to transcendental philosophy of knowledge and the question of the possibility and limits of metaphysical reasoning in resolving disputes regarding natural phenomena such as comets, tides, and fire as well as debates in theology, morals, and rational psychology.

14 Volume 1 1 immanuel kant’s turn to transcendental philosophy Thomas Nenon The year 1781 marks the beginning not only of a remarkably productive two decades in Kant’s own work, but in many ways also a decisive turning point in the history of philosophy. Up until that point, Kant1 was known as a gifted, but not very significant figure in the German philosophical scene. But 1781 marked the appearance of the first edition of the Critique of Pure Reason, in which Kant introduced a “critical” philosophy with a radical new approach to traditional questions in epistemology and metaphysics that completely reshaped the philosophical landscape.

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