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By Tanya Reinhart

This booklet has significant objectives: the 1st is a complete research of sentence-level anaphora that addresses the questions posed above, and the second one is an exam of the wider factor of the kinfolk among the structural houses of sentences and their semantic interpretation in the hypotheses of the autonomy of syntax and of interpretative semantics built by means of Chomsky. I argue that the anaphora regulations themselves obey extra common syntactic stipulations on all interpretative ideas, and, actually, on all sentence-level linguistic ideas. if that is the case, those stipulations could mirror houses of the processing skill of the brain, and that i finish, in bankruptcy 10, with the query to what quantity we could locate correlations among those stipulations and the particular processing of sentences.

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Compare Sproat and Shih’s (1991) notion of “direct” versus “indirect” modification. Adjective ordering 35 (32) Adjquantification > Adjquality > Adjsize > Adjshape > Adjcolor > Adjnationality Scott (2002) expands on this, proposing the fine-grained hierarchy in (33). (33) Ordinal > Cardinal > Subject Comment > Evidential > Size > Length > Height > Speed > Depth > Width > Temperature > Wetness > Age > Shape > Color > Nationality/Origin > Material Laenzlinger (2005) suggests that Scott’s inventory (with minor refinements) can be organized into five subdivisions, as given in (34).

Therefore only predicates of the same semantic type as nP can modify it. I suggest that this is the type of non-gradable predicates, including the origin reading of French, the material reading of wooden, the geometric reading of square, and so on. All of these adjectives can also be gradable, through combination with a Degree head (Abney 1987; Corver 1990; Grimshaw 1991; Kennedy 1999b; Svenonius and Kennedy 2006). g. ). sortP modification occurs in a different way from nP modification: it is crucially subsective, cf.

G. Heine (1982), Dixon (1986). ) alongside the three numeral classifiers and the set of sortal classifiers. All three types are illustrated in (8) (adapted from Zavala 2000: 126–127). 2 (8) a. circle animal cow “three cows’ (lying down) b. circle corn tortilla “three (folded) tortillas” c. ’ox-eb’ xoyan ’ixim paat three-inan round corn tortilla “three tortillas” Noun classifier systems may resemble gender systems, in that a noun may be conventionally associated with a single noun classifier, and may develop into gender systems (Greenberg 1978, Corbett 1991).

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