By Eddy Brixen
In this finished consultant Eddy Bøgh Brixen will take you thru the complicated and complicated idea of audio metering, supplying you with the data and abilities you want to make the most of not obligatory sign degrees and convey prime quality audio.
Covering all parts of this crucial subject, Audio Metering starts off with the fundamentals- audio definitions and electronic concepts, and works as much as listening to and psychoacoustics. degrees in audio are outlined, and the metering criteria and practices are mentioned, overlaying the present criteria abs VU and PPM, in addition to the recent loudness metering criteria, making this the reference consultant to audio metering.
This re-creation includes
* present details on loudness metering, overlaying latest and new criteria, defining phrases like LU, RLB, and LKFS
* causes of song sounds and constructions
* a longer bankruptcy on issues suitable to the sound engineer within the box of psychoacoustics
* extra info on speech intelligibility and it is measures
* the talents wanted for either small room acoustics and big auditoriums sound layout with out wasting sound quality
* a longer glossary
Packed filled with beneficial details that may be utilized to a large choice of daily projects, this instruction manual is vital examining for all technicians and engineers operating with acoustics, electro acoustics and audio forensics. It additionally offers crucial info for somebody operating with loudspeakers and big scale amplifiers, together with sound layout for theatrical and reside audio set-ups.
Read Online or Download Audio Metering: Measurements, Standards and Practice PDF
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During this finished consultant Eddy Bøgh Brixen will take you thru the advanced and complicated thought of audio metering, providing you with the information and talents you must make the most of not obligatory sign degrees and bring top of the range audio. masking all components of this crucial subject, Audio Metering starts off with the fundamentals- audio definitions and electronic options, and works as much as listening to and psychoacoustics.
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Additional resources for Audio Metering: Measurements, Standards and Practice
1989). Tonmeister technology. New York: Temmer Enterprices, Inc. Fletcher, H. (1953). Speech and Hearing in Communication. New York: Van Nostrand. Olson, H. F. (1952). Musical Engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. Pawera, N. (1981). Microphones. Dachau: Arsis Baedeker & Langs Verlag GmbH. Traunmu¨ller, H. and Eriksson, A. (1995). The frequency range of the voice fundamental in speech of male and female adults. Manuscript. Stockholms Universitet. Chapter | five How Large Is an Audio Signal?
All of them have more or less characteristic frequency content. ). The square wave is characterized by the fact that it contains the fundamental frequency and all the odd numbered harmonics in the same declining proportion as the saw tooth wave. The square wave is known from, among other places, electro-acoustic equipment that is overloaded and thus “clips” the peaks off the signal. This is called harmonic distortion. , total harmonic distortion (THD) equals xx%). 3 Special waveforms: Sawtooth, triangular, square and pulse train.
LOUDNESS AS A FUNCTION OF THE SOUND FIELD The direction of a sound is also significant to its loudness. A frequency dependency occurs again. This can be significant in the assessment of acoustic images in a loudspeaker arrangement for the reproduction of surround sound. The timbre can appear to be different depending on whether the sound comes from the center speaker, from the right or left front speaker or from the right or left rear speaker. 2 The equal loudness curves as they are standardized in ISO 3746.