Albert Camus is among the iconic figures of twentieth-century French literature, one in every of France's most generally learn glossy literary authors and one of many youngest winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature. because the writer of L'Etranger and the architect of the proposal of 'the Absurd' within the Nineteen Forties, he shot to prominence in France and past. His paintings however attracted hostility in addition to acclaim and he used to be more and more drawn into sour political controversies, particularly the problem of France's position and position within the nation of his beginning, Algeria. so much lately, postcolonial reviews have pointed out in his writings a suite of preoccupations ripe for revisitation. Situating Camus in his cultural and historic context, this 2007 spouse explores his best-selling novels, his ambiguous engagement with philosophy, his theatre, his more and more high-profile paintings as a journalist and his mirrored image on moral and political questions that proceed to obstacle readers today.
Table of Contents
Introduction Edward J. Hughes
Part I. Biography and Influences:
1. Camus: a existence lived in serious instances Ieme van der Poel
2. Situating Camus: the formative affects Toby Garfitt
3. Autobiographical soundings in L'Envers et l'Endroit Edward J. Hughes
Part II. topics, Preoccupations and Genres:
4. Rethinking the absurd: Le Mythe de Sisyphe David Carroll
5. Camus and the theatre Christine Margerrison
6. Camus the journalist Jeanyves Guerin
7. Camus and social justice Martin Crowley
8. Violence and ethics in Camus Colin Davis
9. Camus and Sartre: the good quarrel Charles Forsdick
10. snap shots of girls, visions of Algeria Danielle Marx-Scouras
Part III. Texts and Contexts:
11. From Noces to L'Etranger Peter Dunwoodie
12. Layers of which means in l. a. Peste Margaret E. Gray
13. Withheld identification in los angeles Chute David Ellison
14. Le ultimate Homme and the literature of loss Debra Kelly
Postface Edward J. Hughes
Guide to extra reading
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By Caragh M. O'Brien
Within the ENCLAVE, YOUR SCARS SET YOU aside, and the newly born will switch the future.Sixteen-year-old Gaia Stone and her mom faithfully convey their quota of 3 babies each month. but if Gaia’s mom is brutally taken away through the very humans she serves, Gaia needs to query even if the Enclave merits such loyalty. a beautiful event dropped at lifestyles through a memorable heroine, this dystopian debut can have readers racing all of the approach to the dramatic end.
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By Alison Assiter
Alison Assiter argues that the inspiration of the individual that lies on the center of the liberal culture is derived from a Kantian and Cartesian metaphysic. This metaphysic, based on her, is defective and it permeates a couple of facets of the culture. considerably it excludes sure contributors, people who are labelled ‘mad' or ‘evil'. as an alternative she deals an alternate metaphysical picture of the individual that is derived mostly from the paintings of Kierkegaard.
Assiter argues that there's a strand of Kierkegaard's writing that provides a metaphysical photograph that recognises the dependence of individuals upon each other. He bargains an ethical outlook, derived from this, that encourages humans to ‘love' each other.
Inspired by means of Kierkegaard, Assiter is going directly to argue that it truly is beneficial to target wishes instead of rights in ethical and political considering and to safeguard the view that it is very important care approximately others who should be a ways faraway from each folks. additionally, she argues, it will be important that we deal with people who are just about us, good.
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By Barbara A. Heavilin, Charles W. Heavilin
From an Existential Vacuum to a sad Optimism: the hunt for which means and the Presence of God in sleek Literature employs a brand new theoretical method of severe research: Victor Frankl's logotherapy (from the Greek "logos" for notice or cause and sometimes regarding divine wisdom), a different kind of existentialism. at the foundation of his observations of the facility of human patience and transcendence - the invention of which means even in the middle of harrowing conditions - Frankl diagnoses the malaise of the present age as an "existential vacuum," a feeling of meaninglessness. He means that a panacea for this malaise could be present in creativity, love, and ethical selection - even if confronted with ache or loss of life. He affirms that humans could go beyond this vacuum, become aware of that means - or maybe final desiring to be present in final Being, or God - and stay with a feeling of "tragic optimism." This e-book observes either the present age's "existential vacuum" - a malaise of vacancy and meaninglessness - and its eager for which means and God as mirrored in 3 genres: poetry, novel, and myth. half I, "Reflections of God within the Poetic Vision," addresses "tragic optimism" - desire whilst there looks no reason behind wish - in poems via William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Gerard Manley Hopkins. half II, "American Angst: vacancy and chance in John Steinbeck's significant Novels," offers a research of Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, and The iciness of Our Discontent - novels that jointly shape a uniquely American epic trilogy. jointly those novels inform the tale of a nation's avarice, corruption, and betrayal offset by means of magnanimity, heroism, and hospitality. Set opposed to the backdrop of Frankl's methods of discovering that means and success - all obliquely implying the felt presence of God - the characters are consultant each american citizens, in whose lives are mirrored a nation's worst vices and top hopes. half III, "A Tragic Optimism: The Triumph of fine within the myth Worlds of Tolkien, Lewis, and Rowling," defines myth and technology fiction as mirrors with which to view fact. J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the earrings, C. S. Lewis' That Hideous energy, and J. okay. Rowling's Harry Potter sequence are thought of within the gentle of Frankl's logotherapy - offering paths to which means and the last word intending to be present in God. In a postmodern, fragmented age, those works verify a continuous imaginative and prescient of God (often via His felt absence) and, additionally, a so much human longing for that means even if there appears none - offering, as Frankl continues, "a tragic optimism."
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By Søren Kierkegaard, Edna H. Hong, Howard V. Hong
Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions was once the final of 7 works signed by way of Kierkegaard and released at the same time with an anonymously authored better half piece. Imagined Occasions either enhances and stands not like Kierkegaard's pseudonymously released Stages on Life's Way.
the 2 volumes not just have a chronological relation yet deal with a number of the comparable precise topics. the 1st of the 3 discourses, "On the get together of a Confession," facilities on stillness, ask yourself, and one's look for God--in distinction to the speechmaking on erotic love in "In Vino Veritas," half certainly one of Stages. the second one discourse, "On the party of a Wedding," enhances the second one a part of Stages, within which pass judgement on William grants a panegyric on marriage. The 3rd discourse, "At a Graveside," sharpens the moral and non secular earnestness implicit in Stages's "'Guilty'/'Not Guilty'" and completes this collection.
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By Reinhardt Grossmann
Professor Grossman s creation to the progressive paintings of Husserl, Heidegger and Sartre experiences the guidelines in their predecessors too, explaining intimately Descartes s belief of the brain, Brentano s concept of intentionality, and Kierkegaard s emphasis on dread, whereas tracing the talk over life and essence way back to Aquinas and Aristotle.
For a whole figuring out of the existentialists and phenomenologists, we also needs to comprehend the issues that they have been attempting to clear up. This publication, initially released in 1984, offers basically how the most issues of phenomenology and existentialism grew out of tradition."
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By Alastair Hannay
Written through one of many world's preeminent experts on Kierkegard, this biography is the 1st to bare the fragile imbrication of Kierkegard's existence and notion. to understand the significance and impact of Kierkegaard's notion a long way past his local Denmark, it is vital to track the various elements that led this proficient yet (according to his headmaster) 'exceedingly infantile youth' to grapple with conventional philosophical difficulties and spiritual subject matters in a fashion that later generations could realize as amounting to a philosophical revolution. even if Kierkegaard's works are broadly tapped and brought up they're seldom positioned in context. neither is due realization positioned to their chronology. even if, possibly greater than the paintings of the other contributor to the Western philosophical culture, those writings are so heavily meshed with the history and information of the author's lifestyles that wisdom of this can be indispensible to their content material. Alastair Hannay solves those difficulties by way of following the chronological series of occasions and concentrating on the formative phases of his occupation from the good fortune of his first, pseudonymous paintings ^Either/Or via to The ailment Unto loss of life and perform in Christianity. This ebook bargains a strong narrative account in an effort to be of specific curiosity to philosophers, literary theorists, highbrow historians, and students of spiritual experiences in addition to any non-specialist trying to find an authoritative advisor to the lifestyles and paintings of 1 of the main unique and interesting figures in Western philosophy. Alastair Hannay is Professor Emeritus within the division of philosophy on the college of Oslo. he's the co-editor of The Cambridge significant other of Kierkegaard (1998) and is usually translator of numerous works via Kierkegaard in Penguin Classics.
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