By S. Weller
If there's one trait universal to nearly all post-Holocaust theories of literature, it's arguably the proposal that the literary occasion constitutes the confirmation of an alterity that resists all dialectical mastery and makes attainable a post-metaphysical ethics. Beckett's oeuvre particularly has again and again been deployed as exemplary of simply such an confirmation. In Beckett, Literature and the Ethics of Alterity, although, Weller argues via an research of the interrelated subject matters of translation, comedy, and gender that to learn Beckett during this manner is to overlook the surprisingly 'anethical' nature of his paintings.
Read or Download Beckett, Literature and the Ethics of Alterity PDF
Best existentialism books
As a disciple of Husserl, Emmanuel Lavinas used to be some of the most self sufficient and unique interpreters, attesting to the fruitfulness of Husserl's phenomenology and the various paths of notion it brought. In gathering the vast majority of Levinas's articles on Husserlian phenomenology, this quantity gathers jointly a wealth of exposition and interpretation by means of one of many extra vital ecu philosophers of the twentieth century .
Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness marked the start of the increase of French existentialism within the 20th century. during this paintings Sartre bargains a posh and profound defence of human freedom. the themes mentioned through Sartre diversity from conventional difficulties of metaphysics and epistemology to the roots of human motivation and the character of human relationships.
Integrating continental and Anglo-American traditions, the writer exposes empathy because the starting place of the being-with-one-another of humans. the translation of empathy is utilized to tale telling, literature, and self psychology, rescuing empathy from the margins and revealing its position within the figuring out of the opposite and human neighborhood.
Thomas Aquinas and Jean-Paul Sartre tend to be pointed out with totally different philosophical traditions: intellectualism and voluntarism. during this unique research, Stephen Wang exhibits, as an alternative, that there are a few profound similarities of their figuring out of freedom and human identification. Aquinas offers way more scope than is usually said to the open-endedness of cause in human deliberation, and argues that we will be able to rework ourselves in rather radical methods via our offerings.
- The Seducer's Diary
- An introduction to Husserlian phenomenology
- The Meaning of Anxiety
- The Tyrant
- Rationalism, Platonism and God: A Symposium on Early Modern Philosophy (Proceedings of the British Academy)
- Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts
Extra info for Beckett, Literature and the Ethics of Alterity
Alone. (Beckett 1980, 88–9) 26 Beckett, Literature, and the Ethics of Alterity For all these affirmations of an essential solitude, however, there is also considerable evidence to support the counter-argument – that Beckett’s œuvre discloses an alterity that is quite simply irreducible, though not necessarily a value and thus not proof that the work is governed by an ethics of alterity. The experience of the self as fundamentally self-alienated, or ‘schizophrenic’ (Deleuze 1995, 23), appears to reach an extreme in The Unnamable.
Derrida 1992a, 215) Perhaps surprisingly for those who would accuse him of a radically dehistoricizing approach to both literature and philosophy, Derrida ties this conception of literature as alterior to itself to a history, not just of literature but also of the experience of alterity itself. Literature, he argues, may become the privileged form of this experience of alterity at a particular historical moment. Indeed, the specificity of the modern lies, at least in part, in this privileging of literature.
That such attempted reductions to nothing of a threatening alterity will become not just a theme but the very object or aim of the textual event is suggested by a series of laborious returns to what, in his 1931 monograph on Proust, Beckett terms the ‘irremediable solitude to which every human being is condemned’ (Beckett 1987, 63). In both How It Is (1961) and Company (1980), the reader is carried slowly towards an apocalyptic affirmation of identity for which there is simply no other. How It Is ends with the affirmation of a being ‘alone in the mud’ (Beckett 1964, 160), while Company closes with the promise of an absolute solitude, the reduction to nothing of any possible other, and indeed the affirmation of both the truth and the value of this reduction: Till finally you hear how words are coming to an end.