By Gilles Proulx
Among France and New France is an soaking up examine lifestyles in another country the crusing vessels which plied the North Atlantic in the course of the French colonial period in North the United States. targeting the 1st half the eighteenth century and the Seven Years' warfare interval, this booklet analyses 4 significant features of the crossing: martime site visitors and the outfit of vessels; the Atlantic path and navigation; the folk and their occupations; and lifestyles aboard the send. jointly they current a desirable view of sea lifestyles. Gilles Proulx has used legitimate correspondence among the Minister of marine and the Canadian colonial experts, and the papers seized on boarded vessels, in addition to over 100 log-books and private diaries, to acquire a wealth of element in regards to the rigours of the colonial shipboard adventure. additionally, many images, either color and black and white, were incorporated to demonstrate this intriguing interval in Canadian background.
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Extra info for Between France and New France: Life Aboard the Tall Sailing Ships
With the war and its accompanying hardships, Canada needed flour and salt. Bordeaux was asked to provide these goods, because with its commercial network it was in the best position to supply what was needed. Also, Bordeaux had the largest number of vessels with the large tonnage required to transport flour. Financing was needed to outfit these ships. 17 Perhaps friendship did play a role in maritime relations, such as those between Bordeaux and New France, but it was not the only factor. Research into commercial traffic shows that, in general, trade between France and New France was carried out using vessels of small dimensions.
25 Because the earth rotates 15 degrees every hour (o 360° every 24 hours), the difference between local time and the first meridian made it possible to calculate the longitude reached. Some French sailors, however, had used watches to try to establish longitudes as early as the beginning of the eighteenth century. 26 It is the only record of such an attempt in all the documents consulted and, as such, it illustrates how difficult it must have been to popularize new techniques. The observation of lunar eclipses, predicted in tables for a precise time at the first meridian, also made it possible to determine the longitude reached by a vessel, if the local time was known.
The Recollet friar Sagard noticed the cold, damp fog that perpetually hung over the area, but he did not know what caused it;10 the Jesuit Charlevoix reasoned however, that it arose as a result of underwater currents running against 61 16. View of the town of Louisbourg. ) This view of Louisbourg by Claude-Joseph, son of engineer Etienne Verrier, depicted the scene that greeted new arrivals to Isle Royale and those who stopped over there en route to Canada. The view of the city was to change little in later years, except for the addition of a commemorative gateway - the Frederic - to the quay around 1742.