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Additional info for Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yuan - Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History

Sample text

E. before the death of 'P'ags-pa. -po. 8 7) The biography of Sang-ko in YS, 205, was translated by Franke 1 942. See now Pe­ tech 1980a. 8 8 ) Practically our sole source for Sang-ko's campaign is GBYT, I, 208a-210a. A sketchy summary is found in LANG, 566--5 67. It is barely mentioned in BA, 582; DMS, 1 86; KPGT, 796. According to CBGT, 83b, it brought in its wake looting and hardship for the peasantry. ; ZUR, 1 9a. = - 26 - its borders. Sang-ko took also steps to reorganize the mail service that had been disrupted by the disturbances.

One was in 1 290 when the dpon e 'en Ag-len gathered the militia for the campaign against 'Bri-guIi. The other was in 1 347, when the dpon e 'en dBaIi-brtson mobilized it, or part of it, to stem the progress of ByaIi-c'ub­ rgyal-mts'an, but failed completely in his attempt. Whether the term k 'rims dmag employed on the latter occasion was the official name of the militia, is open to doubt. The only inferences possible from these scanty materials is that the Central Tibetan militia was summoned and commanded by the dpon e 'en and that the contin­ gents that formed it were supplied by each myriarchy, in propor­ tion to its quota of hor dud 4 7).

The jurisdiction (tao; literally " route ") of the hsiian-wei ssu extended over the three circuits (Chin. lu) of dBus, gTsaIi and mNa'-ris sKor-gsum 2 2 ) . For the term lu there was no Mongol or Tibetan equivalent; it was simply transcribed (Mong. lu, Tib. klu) . In Southern Tibet the authority of the hsiian-wei ssu was at first purely nominal, until the successful campaign of prince Temiir Buqa and dpon e 'en Ag-len in 1 290 extended it also to Dvags-po and KoIi-po. Following the events of that year, the imperial gov­ ernment decided to establish in Central Tibet a permanent military organization, in order to avoid repeated and expensive expeditions.

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