Download Comparative Hearing: Mammals by Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper PDF

By Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)

The Springer instruction manual of Auditory study provides a chain of comprehen­ sive and artificial stories of the basic themes in smooth auditory examine. The volumes are geared toward all people with pursuits in listening to learn together with complicated graduate scholars, postdoctoral researchers, and medical investigators. The volumes are meant to introduce new investi­ gators to big features of listening to technological know-how and to aid proven inves­ tigators to higher comprehend the basic theories and information in fields of listening to that they won't regularly stick with heavily. every one quantity is meant to give a specific subject comprehensively, and every bankruptcy will function an artificial review and advisor to the lit­ erature. As such, the chapters current neither exhaustive info experiences nor unique learn that has no longer but seemed in peer-reviewed journals. The volumes concentrate on issues that experience constructed a superb info and conceptual starting place instead of on these for which a literature is barely starting to improve. New learn components could be coated on a well timed foundation within the sequence as they start to mature. each one quantity within the sequence includes 5 to 8 big chapters on a specific subject. sometimes, the themes might be ones of conventional curiosity for which there's a considerable physique of information and concept, akin to auditory neuroanatomy (Vol. 1) and neurophysiology (Vol. 2). different volumes within the sequence will take care of themes that have started to mature extra lately, similar to improvement, plasticity, and computational versions of neural processing.

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Solecki and Gerken (1990) applied a model of temporal integration developed by Gerken, Bhat, and Hutchinson-Clutter (1990) that integrates temporal integration data from a wide range of species. This model assumes that threshold is a power function of duration and can be used to model data from contiguous and noncontiguous signals in humans and cats. One possible interpretation of temporal integration data is based on a neural counting model (see Fay 1992). Most temporal integration models fail for very short tones (less than 10 ms).

In order to determine whether this simultaneous presentation of signal and masker modifies estimates of the critical band, experiments are done using non simultaneous presentations of masker 'and stimulus. The nonsimultaneous masking procedure used with animals is "forward masking" in which a long (usually 200 to 500 ms) masker precedes a brief signal (often 20 ms). The stimulus acting as the masker continues to elevate the threshold of a short signal even after termination of the stimulus (see Patterson and Moore 1986; Nelson et al.

Recent research (reviewed in Hall and Grose 1990; Moore, Glasberg, and Schooneveldt 1990) has established that there are many phenomena that cannot be explained unless one considers integration of information across critical bands. The random character of broadband noise used in most estimates of critical band and CR prevents the use of these cues because the lack of correlation across frequencies reduces the probability that the animal will integrate information across bands (Kidd et al. 1991).

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