By A. K. Tiwari, M. Lal, A. K. Singh
Sugarcane is likely one of the most crucial plants commercially grown in approximately one hundred fifteen nations of the realm. India is an important manufacturer in addition to buyer of sugar on this planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the whole sugar creation on the earth. A quantum of sugar is made from sugarcane, although, this crop faces a couple of difficulties reminiscent of low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive price of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and occasional sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane examine all started before everything of the 19th. Read more...
summary: Sugarcane is without doubt one of the most vital plants commercially grown in approximately one hundred fifteen nations of the area. India is a tremendous manufacturer in addition to patron of sugar on the planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the entire sugar creation on the earth. A quantum of sugar is made out of sugarcane, in spite of the fact that, this crop faces a few difficulties comparable to low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive price of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and coffee sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane study begun before everything of the nineteenth
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Extra resources for Current status of sugarcane research in India
2n = 60, 70, 80) , S. officinarum, S. spontaneum and S. robustum represent the basic species. ) Jeswiet, S. spontaneum, and S. robustum , whereas S. barberi and S. sinense are the secondary ones believed to be natural hybrids between S. officinarum and S. spontaneum . The cultivated sugarcane Saccharum spp. is believed to have originated from complex hybridization events (termed ‗‗nobilization‘‘) between S. officinarum, S. barberi, S. sinense, and the wild related species S. ) A. Camus is closely related to Saccharum.
To evaluate the salt tolerant lines, the embryogenic calli were exposed to different levels of NaCl (50 to 250 Embracing Biotechnology Methods for Crop Improvement Research ... 37 mM). Irradiated and non-irradiated cultures showed a decrease in the callus growth with increasing selection pressure of salt in terms of relative growth rate (RGR). Higher amounts of free proline, glycine betaine and MDA were accumulated in NaCl stressed calli. The Na+ content increased and K+ content decreased with increasing levels of NaCl.
Varieties capable of withstanding moisture stress during maturity phase with prolonged shelf life for quality and yields 7. Utilization of tissue culture propagules for rapid exploitation of potential new varieties in extensive areas 8. Development of varieties capable of accumulating sugar irrespective of prevailing weather conditions especially before onset of winter 9. Technologies for improving productivity in rainfed sugarcane 10. Identification of clones tolerance to major diseases at the early stages of selection adopting biotechnology tools 11.